What is curl pattern?
Hair type and curl pattern both describe the shape of your hair your hair naturally grows in. This shape or pattern of your curls is determined by the shape of your hair follicle. The more oval its shape, the curlier your hair will be! Heat, chemicals, damage, and even the weather can alter how your curl pattern presents itself, and other factors like pregnancy, certain medications, and health/diet changes can have a more permanent effect on your curl pattern.
Hair types are commonly broken down into four main groups (1, 2, 3, and 4), and each group further divided into three subcategories (a, b, and c.) The numbers describe the shape of your curls.The letters describe the width or diameter of the curls themselves. A = wide; B = medium; c = tight. Curl pattern is an important characteristic of your hair and correlates with other hair properties. To a certain extent, knowing your curl pattern can indicate how to take care of your hair, what products to use, what styles you can do.Common misconceptions about hair type"Some hair types are better than others." This is completely false. There is a long history of some hair types being favored over others as more beautiful, attractive, professional, or manageable. But we celebrate ALL hair types at NaturAll Club, and we believe each unique curl pattern is beautiful in its own way. We don't believe in good hair vs bad hair; we only care about healthy vs. unhealthy hair!"If you know your hair type, you'll know how to take care of your hair." This is a myth. While knowing your curl pattern can point you in the right direction, it’s actually less important than other hair properties like hair porosity. Any while learning your hair type can be helpful for establishing rules of thumb about your hair regimen, your hair is unique. What works for one person with your curl pattern might not work for you. Learn the best ways to care for your UNIQUE hair by experimenting and noticing what your hair likes best!"Most people have just one curl pattern." The truth is the opposite- most people have two (or even three) curl patterns on their heads. This is completely normal!Determine your hair type (and hair tips based on type!)Before we begin: Keep in mind that if your hair has experienced heat or chemical damage, you probably aren’t seeing your true curl pattern (you can tell if your roots are curlier than your ends.)To determine your hair type, scroll down to see NaturallyCurly's great pictures showcasing the differences between different kinky, curly, and wavy hair types. Since you probably have several curl patterns and textures on your head, we recommend choosing the two pictures that look closest (ex: 4a/4b hair.)The pictures might still be confusing! Read the description of each hair type to help you decide which of the main groups (kinky, curly, or wavy) you have, which is enough to start.Type 4: Coily/Kinky4a 4b 4cYour hair is Type 4 if:Your hair has a tight coily or zigzag shape.You’re used to shrinkage and your hair tangles easily.Your hair dries out quickly, and you're often concerned with keeping it moisturized.Washing tips Shampoo infrequently: no more than once a week, and as little as once every 2-3 weeks. Experiment with your regimen to see what works for your hair.Avoid sulfates at all costs, along with any other ingredients that dry out your hair (see full list here.) Use a sulfate free shampoo like NaturAll Club's Cleansing Avocado Shampoo.If your hair feels dirty in-between washes, use a co-wash.Moisturizing/Nourishing tipsUse lots of conditioner on wet hair to help with moisture and detangling, and look for products with a lot of slip. Be gentle; your curls are fragile.Moisturize every day with a leave-in conditioner, moisturizer, or steam.Use oils to seal moisture into your hair (roots and ends.)Deep condition every 1-2 weeks with any solution of NaturAll Club's Avocado Deep Conditioner (take our quiz if you're not sure.)Styling tipsLimit heat at all costs, since it will dry out your hair.If you have trouble maintaining curl definition, use a light gel or styling butter to define your curls while damp.Your hair is more fragile and prone to dryness and breakage than other hair types, so make use of protective styles to give your hair a chance to rest between higher manipulation styles.Type 3: Curly3a 3b 3cYour hair is Type 3 if:Your hair curls in the form of spirals or ringlets, ranging in width from the width of sidewalk chalk to the width of a straw. You struggle to control frizz and keep your curls defined throughout the day.You often experience dry hair.Washing tipsAvoid sulfates and other ingredients that can dry out your hair. Choose a gentle shampoo that won't strip your hair of oils (like this one!)Shampoo once a week (and less often if your hair can manage.) If you hair gets greasy mid-week, use a co-wash in-between washes.Moisturizing/Nourishing tipsTry using humectants (especially during the summer) to attract moisture to your hair.Use light oils to seal in moisture (particularly important for 3b and 3c!)Deep condition your hair every 1-2 weeks. We recommend the Dull or Drysolutions of NaturAll Club's Avocado Deep Conditioner.Styling tipsUse creams and gels to add definition, layer a mousse over a cream while your hair is wet, or mix a leave-in with a light gel and apply to wet hair.Stay away from heat tools as much as possible.Type 2: Wavy2a 2b 2cYour hair is Type 2 if:Your hair is wavy or s-shaped, ranging from very loose waves to deeper/tighter waves.You’re most concerned with reducing/controlling frizz, and finding styling products that hold your curls without weighing them down.You don’t struggle very much with your hair drying out.Washing tipsYou don’t have to stay away from sulfates, but be careful. 2c hair in particular should be sulfate-free. We recommend a gentle shampoo made for wavy hair. You can also use NaturAll Club's Cleansing Avocado Shampoo for a gentle cleanse.Make sure you use a cleansing shampoo to avoid greasy hair.Shampoo every 2-3 days (2a and 2b) or 3-5 days (2c).Moisturizing/Nourishing tipsNatural oils (coconut oil, Jamaican black castor oil, olive oil, etc.) are great for your hair and scalp, but they can make your hair look and feel greasy. Try using them as a pre-poo treatment, washing them out afterwards.Deep condition your hair every two weeks. We recommend the Dull Solution of the Avocado Deep Conditioner for loose/wavy curls.Styling tipsUse a mousse or leave-in serum to style your hair (creams and gels will probably be too heavy and weigh your hair down.)You can afford to use heat tools more than other curl types, but less is always better.We hope these tips were helpful! please check out "Black Hair Care Matters" Podcast available on itunes.spotify,google podcast and more.